Wastewater treatment involves biological, physical and chemical processes of removing contaminants from water that is not safe for human use to make it useful again. Because of worldwide water shortage, most governments are looking into modern technologies that can be used to treat wastewater coming from homes, restaurants, and resorts. Wastewater from homes is easier to recycle than the one coming from restaurants and industries. This is because it contains higher levels of organic matters such as oil. Different wastewater treatment systems are used on oily throw-away water exuded by factories, which is more effective than the normal wastewater treatment. Below are some of the benefits of having wastewater treated:
1. Maintain clean and usable water
Treating your wastewater in a process ensures that you have clean water all through that can be reused. You can also purify and sanitize your water for human consumption.
2. Waste reduction
Through the process, the amount of waste released into the environment is reduced, thus minimizing environmental pollutions.
3. Prevent disease
Treating your throw-away prevents disease-causing bacteria from getting into the water sources where it can harm plants and animals. The JNE Environmental website provides a collection of online resources and information that may interest you.
4. Helps the economy
It helps in the country’s economy as it reduces the amount of money spent to initiate environmental projects to prevent pollution. Water treatment creates jobs for the citizens as it requires manpower to run the processing plants.
5. Energy production
During the treatment process, sludge is collected and placed in fully enclosed containers, and anaerobic bacteria are introduced. The containers are then heated at 35 degrees Celsius and a gas containing a large amount of methane is produced. This gas is then harvested and utilized to generate electricity.This makes industrial water treatment self-sustaining as the water treatment energy is used to power the wastewater treatment plants. The extra energy can be transported into a country’s national grid which reduces the dependence on fossil fuels. The al-Samra waste treatment in Jordan is a good example of industrial wastewater treatment used within Middle East. According to Jordan’s government officials, 40 percent of the energy used comes from the methane produced in the treatment process.
The above benefits make water treatment a perfect solution to the world’s water crisis. It will increase as the world’s population will continue to grow. It would, therefore, be important that states in the US would insist more in wastewater management and wastewater treatment companies embrace new technologies to aid in reducing water scarcity.