According to estimations by environmentalists, only 3% of the world’s water is safe for human consumption. 2% of that amount of water is located in the glaciers and ice caps. The same experts reported that close to two million tons of industrial sewage is discharged by industries into the water bodies and about two million children who are aged five and below die due to the waterborne diseases. Industrial wastewater treatment has, therefore, become a global priority.
What is industrial wastewater treatment? This is the process of removing harmful contaminants and compounds from water, hence rendering the water to be safe for human consumption. Different wastewater treatment systems can be used to achieve this. Such innovative processes are being implemented to be the driving force behind the production of safer and potable water to the world population. Lack of clean water is something that is facing every country, and hence states have to implement and enforce adequate industrial wastewater treatment systems that will allow the access of this vital human commodity.
Apart from provisions of clean water to the human population, there are other reasons, which favor the use of wastewater treatment systems. Below are four reasons which show how the environment and human beings benefit from efficient wastewater treatment systems.
- Prevention of waterborne diseases
Unclean water can contain harmful bacteria and chemicals, which can cause illness and even death when the water is consumed. Untreated water has microscopic organisms which are disease-causing. Some of the common diseases caused by these microorganisms are cholera, dysentery, and gastroenteritis. Therefore, having a wastewater management system will help in making sure that up to 97% of these contaminants are removed from the water. Hence making the water safe for drinking. During the water filtration process, the contaminated water is primarily passed through the filters, which block the contaminants and kill the destructive organisms. The process prevents any bacteria from entering the water sources, hence unable to harm plants, animals and human beings.
- An efficient way of providing clean water for drinking
The primary reason for having a reliable wastewater treatment system is to increase the amount of fresh water available for the human population. It is estimated by 2025, the total human population on earth will be 8 billion, the current water supply cannot sustain such a society and therefore water recycling systems will be needed to meet the demand of this precious necessary human commodity. Having wastewater treatment systems that guarantee the supply of clean water is the only solution to this problem. The wastewater management companies can achieve this by merely undergoing the natural process of taking the excess or used water, then filtering out the harmful contaminants. After that, leaving the water source clean with a supply of fresh water that is safe for everyone. The industrial wastewater treatment companies will also be able to offer a solution to food shortages by preventing drought and famine, harmful water supplies, and water shortages.
- The process helps in maintaining a clean environment
Environmentalists predict that one liter of contaminated water can pollute 8 liters of fresh water. Since the wastewater management systems reduce the harmful contaminants and waster in the water supply, there is a high potential of protecting the aquatic life by supplying clean and safe water to the water bodies. People can also enjoy different activities around and in these bodies since the water is safe and is contaminant-free. In addition to that, the wastewater treatment system processes are eco-friendly. Since the water, being disposed of is safe, there will be no killing of aquatic life thanks to the disposal of contaminated wastewater.
- A reliable way of reusing/ recycling waste
During the wastewater treatment process, the treatment companies remove a significant amount of waste that is biodegradable. The biodegradable waste can be used in the production of methane gas, which can be sued as a source of fuel. Many industrial wastewater treatment companies have their plants powered by methane gas, hence the reduction of stress on the energy supply that is nonrenewable. The biodegradable waste materials can also be used as manure in agriculture. The solid waste acts as an effective natural fertilizer.